Tea is the most popular beverage in India. The country is also the second-largest tea producer in the world, showing how important the beverage is for culture and the economy.
Though tea as we know it originated in China, it’s made its way to different continents throughout hundreds of years. In India, tea was introduced in the early 1800s. Quickly, it became obvious how easy it was to cultivate tea in India, and it soon became a staple beverage.
When it comes to tea, the biggest question for drinkers is when to choose black tea vs green tea? While both options have benefits, they offer different tastes, health benefits and experiences.
Find out the biggest differences between green and black tea and which types you should be drinking.
What is Black Tea?
Black and green teas come from the same plant, called Camellia sinesis. Any other teas are herbal teas, which have different flavours and benefits. Keep in mind that herbal teas do not have the same health benefits and properties as green or black teas.
Black teas are leaves from the plant that are withered, rolled and oxidized. The oxidization process sets it apart from green tea since it develops its unique black colour and stronger flavour.
Other than colour and flavour, black tea also stores different from green tea. While green teas tend to lose flavour after sitting for about a year, black teas can keep for much longer.
What is Green Tea?
About 43% of tea drinkers in India say they prefer green tea, right behind Indian masala chai. Green tea is popular because of it’s bright, fresh flavour and versatility.
To make green tea, leaves from the Camellia sinesis plant are withered and steamed. Green tea leaves aren’t oxidized like black tea leaves, so they don’t retain the same enzymes.
Because green tea isn’t oxidized like black tea, it retains some plant enzymes that aren’t in black tea. One of these enzymes is EGCG, which is known to carry a variety of health benefits.
Green Tea vs Black Tea Taste
When it comes to flavour, a lot of the differences between green and black tea come from how they’re produced. Since black tea is oxygenized, that means it’s fermented. Think of other food and beverages that undergo a fermentation process, like kimchi and kombucha.
Fermentation always tends to produce bold flavours, and that theory applies to black tea. There are many different types of black teas, and some can taste more bitter while others might taste sweet.
Since green tea isn’t fermented, the leaves retain more of the natural flavour of the plant. Natural green teas tend to have a more earthy, grass-like flavour when compared to black tea.
Manufacturers can create green and black teas with additional flavours to create more intriguing combinations. For instance, dried fruit and flowers can add aromatic and sweeter flavours to green or black teas.
Green Tea vs Black Tea Health Benefits
While tea plays an important part in Indian culture, it also offers a variety of health benefits. Both green and black tea have different benefits to offer, which can help you decide which type to drink.
Since green tea contains the EGCG antioxidant, some research shows it may help prevent diseases. Though there needs to be more research, some scientists believe EGCG has anti-cancer properties.
Green tea also contains other antioxidants that may help with weight loss. A specific antioxidant called catechin can speed up people’s metabolisms and help break down excess fat. The properties of catechin may lead to better weight regulation as well as energy levels, which are big benefits of drinking green tea.
Black tea also has antioxidants that can help prevent chronic diseases. Two of the biggest benefits of drinking black tea may be lower cholesterol and lower risk of heart disease.
Similar to green tea, black tea might also help with weight control. Black tea’s specific polyphenols might help suppress digestion, which can help prevent obesity.
Green Tea vs Black Tea Caffeine Levels
While black and green tea have similar health benefits, one of the biggest differences is the caffeine in each type.
When it comes to black coffee vs green tea, green tea has significantly less caffeine. Green tea usually has about 35 mg of caffeine per cup, while a cup of coffee contains closer to 100 mg.
Black tea isn’t as caffeinated as coffee, but it comes a little closer. An average up of black coffee contains about 50 mg of caffeine. Understanding these levels of caffeine can help you choose which type of tea is best for you.
Black tea might be great for people who are trying to cut out caffeine. You’re ingesting about half of the caffeine that’s in coffee, but you’re still getting enough for a small energy boost.
The caffeine levels in each type of tea also affect acidity. The pH of green tea vs black tea is about 7-10 for green tea and around 5 for black tea. Keep in mind that the higher the pH, the lower the acidity.
For comparison, coffee usually has a pH of around 5, which is similar to black tea. If you’re looking for a less acidic beverage, green tea may be a better option than black tea.
Black Tea vs Green Tea: Benefits From Both
Considering black tea vs green tea shows that there are many differences as well as benefits. With either option, your choice should depend on your preferences and needs.
Overall, black and green tea are much healthier than coffee and other beverages like soda or juice. Black tea offers more caffeine and bolder flavours, while green tea offers more enzymes and natural flavours.
Shop our pure tea selection today to choose quality black and green teas.